Mitsutoshi Hanaga Collective of Monks Praying to Destroy House owners of Companies Dependable for Environmental Pollution at the Suzuka River in Yokkaichi, 1970. Photograph: Mitsutoshi Hanaga Estate
In the 1960s, pollution in Japan induced the distribute of fatal disorders these types of as the Itai-itai sickness and Yokkaichi asthma. In spite of scientific investigations, local politicians, bureaucrats and enterprise owners put earnings prior to people’s wellness and poisonous industrial waste continued to be released in the environment.
In 1970, a compact group of Buddhist monks, exasperated with the lack of governmental intervention, decided to protest. They adopted the identify Jusatsu Kito Sodan (Team of Monks Bringing the Curse of Death) and traveled to some of these contaminating industrial websites. Equipped with conch instruments and publications of curses and incantations, the monks formed a procession, drumming, chanting, praying, and executed ceremonies with the aim of cursing manufacturing unit owners to loss of life.
Hokkaichi asthma sufferer. Image: Mitsutoshi Hanaga estate
Jusatsu Kito Sodan rituals in action, 1970. Image: Mitsutoshi Hanaga estate
Jounalist, reporter and photographer Mitsutoshi Hanaga followed their crusade to document this early instance of anti-company and anti-governing administration activism.
Jusatsu Kito Sodan fought for religious and actual physical retaliation on behalf of the lifeless, and exposed injustices in society. “The group challenged industrialists with counter-murder attempts, lawfully thought of as an “impossible crime” that could not be prosecuted in their judiciary process.” (through)
I uncovered this intervention though going to Emergency Exit, curated by Ana Mizerit, Bojana Piškur, Zdenka Badovinac and Igor Španjol, at +MSUM in Ljubljana. The clearly show stays open right until 11 September 2022